What is poker ? and what is poker history ? Poker is a family of card games that combines gambling, strategy and different skills.
Poker is a card game for 2 to 10 players. Poker evolved in the US, where it got its final shape in the 20th century. The basic type of poker is draw poker, for which nothing is shown and from which many different variations are derived. Another option is stud poker, which shows part of the cards during the hand. But today, mainly community card poker, especially Texas Hold'em No Limit, is played because, unlike draw poker, where only 2 × is betting, it is 4 ×, so it is more strategic.
It is usually played with French cards (52 sheets - crosses, diamonds, hearts and spades). The goal of the game is to build one of many game combinations. These determine the loss or profit. However, it is not only the quality of the hand combination that the player has in his hand that decides in the game. Tactics are also decisive.
History of Poker Card Games
The very first predecessor of poker was probably the Persian card game As Nas. It was played with 25 cards of five different suits. As Nas learned French sailors from the Persians and brought it to Europe. As Nas then developed games that gave poker a name. German Pochspiel and French Poque played with 25 cards. Poque then penetrated the then French colonies in America, mainly Louisiana. It was also adopted by local English-speaking settlers and around 1800 the word "poker" was born.
The first written mention of poker can be found in Joe Cowell's Strasti and the Pleasure of Gambling in 1829. Cowell describes it as a four-player game with a 20-card deck. By the middle of the nineteenth century, poker had been played with 52 cards, and there were 5-card stud and 5-card draw variants played to this day.
In the 1920s, Texas Hold'em appeared for the first time, in which players are dealt two cards and five cards in common. Because of its fun and complexity, Texas Hold'em quickly gained popularity and today it is the most played poker variant. In 1970, the first World Series of Poker (WSOP) took place in Las Vegas. The World Poker Series has grown steadily to become the most famous and prestigious poker tournament series and the winner of the main tournament is considered the World Champion. Around the year 2000, other major poker series such as the World Poker Tour (WPT), the European Poker Tour (EPT) and the Aussie Millions are being created. At the same time, online poker is also booming.
Poker Card Game Rules: Texas Hold'em
Today's favorite variant of this game is the so-called Texas hold 'em. In this variant, the player receives two cards and five community cards are dealt on the table.
At the beginning of the game, the dealer (the dealer) is drawn and this position moves one space clockwise after each game. The player to the left of the dealer puts the small blind in the game, the other player to the left of the dealer puts the big blind.
After the players have placed their mandatory bets on the blinds, the dealer deals all players with two cards that only their owners see. First betting round in progress. The first one is decided by the player to the left of the big blind, followed by the others in a clockwise direction. Players can call, raise, or discard their cards without joining the game. A player in the big blind can only check if no one has raised before him.
When the first betting round is over, the dealer puts the first three community cards (flop) on the table and the second betting round takes place. This is done according to the same rules as the previous one, but it starts from the player in the small blind and there is no obligatory bet, so players have the option to check (stay in the game without betting if no one has bet before). After the second round of betting is complete, the fourth community card is dealt on the board, the next betting round takes place and the last fifth community card is played on the table. The last betting round follows the same rules and the remaining players in the game show their cards (showdown). The owner of the strongest poker hand gets all the chips (pot), in the case of two or more equally strong hands, the pot is split between the hands (split pot). The game does not have to end in a showdown, but during any betting round, when one player is able to force the other players to discard their cards with their bets.
Omaha has essentially the same rules as the Texas Hold'em variant, but it is dealt to the players in four cards. A five card winning hand consists of two player cards and three community cards on the board.
Poker: 5-Card Draw
Five cards are dealt, the rest of the cards are discarded as talons. After studying the cards, each player decides whether to play or not. Non-participation is reported by the word pass. Such a player puts the cards visibly on the table. The remaining players make a basic deposit of the agreed amount into the pot. Then the banker changes players' cards. Up to three cards can be exchanged, for which there is a contractual deposit for each card.
Players either hold the deposit or pass during the game. They can also raise the bid by notifying other players by how much. The player who remains last in the game wins the pot. If multiple players hold their bids and no longer raise the pot, they show their cards on the table and compare the values ??of their hands. If the value of one or two pairs is equal, cards that are out of paired hands decide the winner.
Limits in Poker: Poker card game
Limit (fixed limit) When playing limit poker, players can raise up to three times during one betting round. After the third raise, the remaining players can either fold and end the game, or settle the last bet. Bets and stakes are always in amounts equivalent to the amount of blinds. E.g. if 1 and 2 are mandatory, then the maximum raise is 2.
If the maximum number of bets has already been reached (3), then the pot is frozen. Only with a new betting round is it allowed to raise bets three times again. No limit There is no limit in this type of game. Each player can bet all his remaining chips at any time. However, the minimum bet is equal to the big blind.
If player A has 12,000 chips and bet everything, player B can still bet, although he has only 5,000 chips left. In this case, Player A immediately gets back the 7,000 chips he wagered, as they will be left after covering the amount of 5,000 chips wagered by B. Limiting the pot (pot limit) the pot at that moment and double the big blind. Example: the first player is on the move and the blinds are 1 and 2, there are 3 additional chips in the pot. If he wants to make a maximum bet, then this is the sum of the pot (3) and twice the last bet (in this case the big blind 2). So the total bet is equal to the pot (3) + double big blind (4) = total (7).
Ways of playing: Card game Poker
Cash game: In this way, a player can buy chips (game chips) as they see fit. Most of these games are limited by the maximum and minimum possible chips. In Cash games, each chip shows real money, so there is no need to wait for the winner, but players can freely enter the cash game, but also leave the game with the payout depending on how many chips they own.Sit & go (SnG) In this way, after paying a single entry fee, each player receives a set number of chips (game chips) with which he can continue to operate in the game. Players usually sit down at one table. SnG ends when one player owns all the chips in play. However, there are variants (eg Double or Nothing) where several people win at the same time and win the same pre-determined amount, regardless of how many currently own chips. Placement of players is based on how they gradually dropped out of the game, so they had no more chips. In the SnG, it is specific that it is always predetermined how many paid seats will be the first one, the first three or more. Winnings of the first are usually about 3 to 5 times greater than the entry fee to SnG if it was played on one table. After paying the entry fee, players receive a set number of chips and descend to the tables. The main difference is that tournaments are played on multiple tables, so more players are played and the winnings in the first positions are many times higher than the entry fee.
Poker as a game of probabilities
Poker is a game of incomplete information. The player does not know the opponent's cards, but based on his behavior during each betting round, he assigns his cards to a group of combinations (so-called range), which gradually narrows over the game and chooses the way of playing that is best against the opponent's rangi. Making the right decision may not always be profitable in a given situation, but that does not mean that it is not profitable in the long run.
Poker is often referred to as gambling because it is largely the element of chance. But advocates of poker as a skill game claim that the element of chance is suppressed in the long run and the skills of a player are already decisive on a sample of several thousand games. This phenomenon is referred to as variance in poker (and in mathematics).
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